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Description

AutoCAD® Self-paced Learning Modules

AutoCAD 2D eBook

The CAD Guys Publications

For AutoCAD 2007,

AutoCAD® Self-paced Learning Modules The CAD Guys Publications

AutoCAD 2D eBook Copyright © 1993-2011

The CAD Guys Ltd

Revision No

2011-11

All rights reserved

No parts of this publication may be reproduced,

without prior permission of the authors

The author and publisher have taken care in the publication of this book,

but make no expressed or implied warranty of any kind or assume no responsibility for errors or omissions

No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the use of the information contained herein

Publisher:

The CAD Guys Ltd Internet: www

com Phone: (403) 257-4289 Fax: (403) 257-4289 Email: [email protected]

Trademarks The following are registered trademarks of Autodesk,

in the USA and/or other countries: 3D Props,

3D Studio,

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3ds max,

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The following are trademarks of Autodesk,

in the USA and/or other countries: AutoCAD Learning Assistance,

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Revision May 13,

AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules

AutoCAD 2D Content Module Contents and Learning Outcomes Cover

AutoCAD 2D

Module Introduction 1

Using the AutoCAD Modules

Module Introduction 2

Configuring the AutoCAD Software

Configure the AutoCAD software used to complete the AutoCAD 2D Modules

Module 1

AutoCAD's User Interface

use of the mouse and the Text window

Module 2

Getting Started

drawing names and drawing file extensions

SAVEAS and CLOSE to start a new drawing,

name and save the current drawing into a specified folder,

save the current drawing with a different name and close a drawing

Module 3

Checking the Accuracy of Drawings

Describe how lab exercise drawings in the AutoCAD 2D Modules are checked for accuracy

Module 4

Drawing Lines Using Cartesian Coordinates

Module 5

select color and set the current layer for the active drawing

Contents and Learning Outcomes

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Content Module

Content

Module 6

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Competency Test No

complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key

Module 7

Circles and Arcs

Module 8

Object Snap

AutoSnap,

and the object snap modes for a line,

enable and disable object snap and use object snap to complete drawings

Module 9

Controlling the Drawing

drawing scale and drawing units

and VIEWRES to control the drawing

Module 10 Drawing Lines Using Polar Coordinates 21 Describe the geometry of an angle

Module 11 Competency Test No

complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key

Module 12 Fillets 25 Describe tangency and fillets

Module 13

Object Properties

and how to select objects using a pick,

Contents and Learning Outcomes

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Content Module

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Content

Module 14 Trimming and Extending 31 Apply the TRIM and EXTEND commands to shorten and lengthen objects at selected cutting edges

Module 15 Offsetting Objects 32 Apply the OFFSET command to insert objects parallel to existing objects

complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key

Module 17

Inquiry and Measurement

DIST and PROPERTIES commands to set the display units,

make inquiries about drawing objects and measure distances

DIVIDE,

Module 18 Layout

and how to use them in an AutoCAD drawing

Module 19 Text

text style and text justification

and DDEDIT commands to format,

Module 20

Moving and Copying

COPYCLIP,

PASTECLIP,

and COPYBASE commands to move and copy objects in the current drawing plus copy objects from one drawing to another

Module 21 Competency Test No

complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key

Module 22

Mirroring and Rotating

Module 23

Arraying

Contents and Learning Outcomes

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Content Module

Content

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Module 24 Scaling and Stretching 47 Apply the STRETCH and SCALE commands to change the size and shape of existing objects by stretching or scaling them

Module 25 Text

Describe a mtext object and explain how to create,

Apply the MTEXT,

QTEXT and SPELL commands

Describe and compare shape and true type text fonts and their characteristics

Describe special text characters and the use of control codes

Module 26 Competency Test No

complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key

Module 27 Multiview Drawings 53 Describe a multiview drawing,

draw a multiview drawing using the three standard views

Module 28 Grids and Snap 55 Describe grids and snap and how they are used in a drawing

Module 29

Polylines

EXPLODE and BOUNDARY commands

Module 30

Regular Polygons

RECTANGLE,

ELLIPSE and AREA commands

Module 31 Competency Test No

complete a written exam and a lab exercise without the aid of a key

Module 32 Hatching 63 Explain sectional views,

and hatching in sectional views

Contents and Learning Outcomes

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Content Module

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Content

Module 33 Blocks 65 Describe a block and explain how blocks are stored and inserted in a drawing file

Module 34 Drawing Utilities 68 Explain drawing and file maintenance to help manage and control AutoCAD drawing files

PURGE and RENAME commands

Module 35 Reference Files 70 Describe reference files and explain how they are used in an AutoCAD drawing

Module 36 Competency Test No

complete a written exam and the lab exercise without the aid of a key

Module 37 Dimensioning

Module 38 Dimensioning

DIMALIGNED,

DIMANGULAR,

DIMDIAMETER,

DIMRADIUS and QLEADER commands to dimension a drawing

Module 39 DesignCenter 79 Describe how DesignCenter can be used to increase drawing productivity

Module 40 Layouts

Module 41 Competency Test No

complete a written exam and the lab exercise without the aid of a key

Contents and Learning Outcomes

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Content Module

AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules

AutoCAD 2D Module Introduction 1 Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module,

you will be able to: 1 List the software and files required to complete the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The AutoCAD Software Required The AutoCAD 2D Modules were written to be used with AutoCAD 2007,

You must have access to one of these software packages installed on your computer to complete the lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules

Files Required for the AutoCAD 2D Modules To complete the lab exercises in this E-Book,

you must have the four template files,

Module 2 will teach you how to use them

Philosophy of the AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules The AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules were written as a tool to guide and teach you to master AutoCAD

No two students learn at the same pace,

therefore the modules were written as competency-based bite-size pieces to allow each user to work at their own pace

They can be used in correspondence,

online and instructor-lead classes or by individuals teaching themselves to use AutoCAD in their own home or office

Scope of the AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules The AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules are written in five parts,

AutoCAD 2D,

AutoCAD 3D,

AutoCAD 2D Advanced,

AutoCAD 3D Advanced and AutoLISP

Suggested Perquisites To get the most from these modules,

it is suggested that you have a working knowledge of the Windows operating system that is installed on the computer you are using to complete the AutoCAD 2D Modules

You must have at least the ability to create folders plus move,

rename and delete files using Windows Explorer

The AutoCAD 2D Modules The AutoCAD 2D Modules were written in a very logical step-by-step order

Read and follow the information below to get the most from these modules

Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 1

Introduction 1

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

The Modules The modules are written in a precise order and contain the information that you require to learn AutoCAD 2D

Using AutoCAD is a never ending learning process and you will continue learning long after completing these modules

Do not skim through the modules

Read each page and ensure that you understand everything in each module

Do not jump around inside the module or from module to module

Work your way methodically through each module,

As you work your way through each module,

learn and try to understand all the information it contains

To ensure that you understand it,

complete the lab exercises to prove it

Only when you understand everything in the module and can complete the lab exercises,

should you go to the next module

Each module may contain Must Know's,

User Tips,

Workalongs,

Lessons,

Key Principles and Lab Exercises

Must Know's Most modules contain user must know's

You must understand and retain each one of these principles as you work your way through the modules

If you cannot understand any one of them,

Do not go on until you fully understand it

For example: (Do not attempt to understand this must know now,

it is here for an example only

) It is important when inserting the final line of a series of lines to ensure your drawing is 100% accurate

On the object shown on the right,

there are two correct ways to draw the last line

C (to close) or 2

The absolute coordinate 1

User Tips User tips are in the modules to help you complete drawings faster and more efficiently

They contain tips,

tricks and ways to use commands that will help you draw faster and increase your productivity

Study them and try to use the tips while doing the labs exercises

They are there to help you work smarter,

For example: (Do not attempt tp learn this user tip now,

it is here for an example only

The function key F3 toggles the AutoSnap feature off and on

Although there are other ways to do this,

try to get into the habit of using F3 as it will greatly improve your drawing speed

Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 1

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Introduction 1

Workalongs A workalong is an exercise that is completed by the user by working along with the modules,

to complete a drawing using AutoCAD

Completing the workalongs in this manner will help you understand how the commands being taught in that module work by actually using them in AutoCAD

This will prepare you so that when you are completing the drawings in the lab exercises,

you should be able to complete them without any assistance

For example: (Do not attempt this workalong now,

it is here for an example only

Using the LINE Command Workalong and complete the steps below

Step 1 Using the NEW command,

start a new drawing using the template 2D English

Step 2 Save and name the drawing AutoCAD 2D Workalong 04-1 and unless otherwise instructed,

save it in the folder: CAD Courses/AutoCAD 2D/Lab Exercises

Completed Drawing

Step 3 Enter the commands below to draw the object shown

Keep in mind that you enter what is bolded,

the italics are the author's comments and all the rest are AutoCAD prompts

Command: LINE Specify first point: 1

It must be an X then Y with a comma between them

) Specify next point or [Undo]: @5,0 (Then change to relative coordinates

Note the @ first,

) Specify next point or [Undo]: @0,2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2

) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,1

) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-1

Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 1

Introduction 1

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Geometry and Drafting Lessons Some modules contain drafting and/or geometry lessons

They are included to teach students who do not have any previous drafting/design knowledge or experience

They may also be handy for drafters or designers who need a refresher lesson

If you already know the theory in the lesson,

skip it and go on to the next topic in the module

If you do not know it,

These lessons are not part of the course and you will not be tested on them

However,

knowing the theory taught in them will help you complete the lab exercises

For example: (Do not attempt to learn this geometry lesson now,

it is here for an example only

Geometry Lesson Circles A circle is defined as a closed curve in which all points are the same distance from its center point

The center point is a single XY coordinate

Study the drawings below for a complete description of the characteristics of a circle

Figure 7-1 Circle Geometry

Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 1

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Introduction 1

Key Principles Each module contains a list of key principles

The key principles are principles that you should have learned and understand in that module

It is important that you understand each one of these principles as you will be required to use them in future AutoCAD work

For example: (Do not attempt to learn the key principles now,

it is here for an example only

The Key Principles in Module 4 1 The @ symbol means "The last absolute coordinate location"

use either C (Close) or the absolute coordinate of the first point

you can either use the ERASE command or the Delete key on the keyboard

Lab Exercises All lab exercises have a time limit allocated to them

To complete the lab exercise in the specified time limit,

you must be able to complete the drawing,

check it for accuracy and make any corrections

If you cannot do this in the time allowed,

It is your way of proving that you have mastered the module

Almost all modules contain at least two lab exercises

If you are in a classroom situation where you do not have a lot of time,

only complete the first lab exercise in each module

It is strongly suggested,

that you complete all lab exercises in each module,

Checking the Accuracy of Your Drawings Almost all lab exercises will have a key provided that you can use to check your drawing for accuracy

You will be taught how to do this in Module 3

Competency Tests Every fifth module is a timed competency test module

A competency test module has multiple choice questions and a comprehensive lab exercise to test your mastery of the last four modules that you just completed

There is no key supplied with this module since it is meant to be checked by your instructor

If there are any parts of this module that you have trouble completing or you cannot complete in the time allowed,

you should go back and reread the module or modules containing the information that you are having trouble with

If necessary,

redo any lab exercises to help you learn the material

Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 1

Introduction 1

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Conventions and Symbols Used in the AutoCAD 2D Modules The following conventions and symbols are used in the modules to help you understand the material

Words in Red Italics Words in red italics are new terms being introduced in that module

They will only appear in italics the first time they are mentioned and will be defined

For example: The current layer is the layer that AutoCAD will place all newly created drawing objects on

Words and Numbers that are in Bold Font In workalongs,

all words and numbers in bold font are input by you

It is your way of knowing if it is a user input or an AutoCAD response

For example: Command: LINE Specify first point: 1

It must be X then Y with comma between them

) Specify next point or [Undo]: @5,0 Command:

Command Names Command names are always in uppercase

For example: To construct a fillet,

The rule of thumb to follow is "If the arc you are drawing is tangent to both objects it is connecting to,

use the FILLET command to insert it”

Picking Objects or Locations on the Drawing To help you understand when an object or a location is picked,

?P” along with a number that indicates which pick it is in the sequence

For example: (Do not attempt this workalong now,

it is here for an example only

) Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM,

Radius = 0

) Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: P1 Select second object: P2 (Pick the two lines to insert the fillet between

) Command: FILLET Current settings: Mode = TRIM,

Radius = 0

Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 1

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Introduction 1

Author's Comments A comment by the author,

to help explain what is happening in a command,

For example: (Do not attempt these command now,

they are here for an example only

It must be X then Y with a comma between them

) Specify next point or [Undo]: @5,0 (Then change to relative coordinates

Note the @ first,

) Specify next point or [Undo]: @0,2 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @-2

) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: @0,1

There are also author's comments in the workalong or lab exercise to help you understand a principle or to complete a task

For example: Author's Comments: The Insertion scale for the all lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules is shown in the Units column as shown in the Figure 3-1

The Key Principles in Module Introduction 1 1 To complete the lab exercises in this E-Book,

you must have the four template files,

You must read and understand everything in each module

Do not jump around inside the module or from module to module

Work your way methodically through each module,

Do not go onto the next module until you understand the module you are working on and have completed the lab exercise(s)

To complete the lab exercise in the specified time limit,

you must be able to complete the drawing,

check it for accuracy and make any corrections

If you cannot do this in the time allowed,

It is your way of proving that you have mastered the module

Do not memorized AutoCAD

Have fun on your journey into the fascinating never-ending world of mastering AutoCAD

Using the AutoCAD 2D Modules

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 1

AutoCAD ® Self-paced Learning Modules

AutoCAD 2D Module Introduction 2 Configuring the AutoCAD Software Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module,

Configure your AutoCAD software to help you complete the AutoCAD 2D course

Configuring your AutoCAD Software for the AutoCAD 2D Course Complete all of the following steps

Step 1 Start AutoCAD

Step 2 Type the WSSETTINGS command and press Enter

Figure Step 2

Step 3 Step 2 will open the Workspace Settings dialogue box

Pull down the My Workspace list and select AutoCAD Classic

Check to ensure that the My Workspace displays AutoCAD Classic and click OK

Figure Step 3B

Author's Comments: If you are using AutoCAD LT,

substitute the name AutoCAD LT Classic for AutoCAD Classic

Figure Step 3A

Configuring Your AutoCAD Software

Author's Comments: Do not be concerned if the Workspace list in your AutoCAD software does not match the figures exactly

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 2

Introduction 2

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Step 4 Type the WSCURRENT command and press Enter

(Figure Step 4) Figure Step 4 Step 5 Enter the name AutoCAD Classic as shown in the figure and press Enter

Figure Step 5 Author's Comments: If you are using AutoCAD LT,

substitute the name AutoCAD LT Classic for AutoCAD Classic

Figure Step 6

Step 6 To ensure that it was changed,

enter the command WSCURRENT again and press Enter

It should display the name AutoCAD Classic in quotes as shown in the figure

If it does not,

Step 7 ( 2007-2008) Click the small triangle icon located in the bottom right corner of the Status bar (beside the lock icon)

This will display a pop-up menu

In the pop-up menu,

click each item to enable or disable them,

Skip Step 8 and go to Step 9

(Figure Step 7A and 7B (2007-2008))

Figure Step 7A 2007-2008 Figure Step 7B 2007-2008

Configuring Your AutoCAD Software

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 2

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Introduction 2

Step 7 ( 2009-2010) Click the small triangle icon located in the bottom right corner of the Status bar (beside the lock icon)

This will display a pop-up menu

In the pop-up menu,

click each item to enable or disable them,

(Figure Step 7A and 7B (2009-2010))

Figure Step 7A 2009-2010

Figure Step 7B 2009-2010

Step 8 ( 2009-2010) Repeat Step 7 to display the pop-up menu

Click the flyout menu Snap Toggles

Click each item to enable or disable them,

Figure Step 8 2009-2010

Configuring Your AutoCAD Software

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 2

Introduction 2

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Step 7 ( 2011-2012) Click the small triangle icon located in the bottom right corner of the Status bar (beside the lock icon)

This will display a pop-up menu

In the pop-up menu,

click each item to enable or disable them,

(Figure Step 7A and 7B (2011-2012))

Figure Step 7A 2011-2012

Author's Comments: Each time you click and item on the menu,

You will have click the triangle icon to display it again

Figure Step 7B 2011-2012

Step 8 ( 2011-2012) Repeat Step 7 to display the pop-up menu

Click the flyout menu Snap Toggles

Click each item to enable it,

Figure Step 8 2011-2012

Configuring Your AutoCAD Software

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 2

AutoCAD Self-paced Learning Modules

Introduction 2

Step 9 Click the Tools pull down menu

In the pull-down menu,

Figure Step 9

Step 10 In the Options dialogue box,

Expand Template Settings and Drawing Template File Location

Highlight the current location by clicking it

Click the Remove button

Figure Step 10A

Figure Step 10B

Configuring Your AutoCAD Software

The CAD Guys Ltd

Copyright © 1993

Module Introduction 2

Introduction 2

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Step 11 It will display an empty box as shown in the figure

Step 12 Click the Browse button

In the Browse for Folders dialogue box,

locate the folder: CAD Courses/ AutoCAD 2D/ Templates (Figure Step 12)

Figure Step 11

Figure Step 12

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Step 13 Click OK and the new location will appear as shown in the figure

Figure Step 13

Step 14

Enable the Display tab

Figure Step 14

Step 15

Set the Crosshair size to 100

Figure Step 15

Step 16

Set the Arc and Circle smoothness to 2000

Figure Step 16

Step 17 Click the Colors

button to open the Drawing Window Color dialogue box

Figure Step 17

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Step 18 Highlight 2D model space,

Uniform Background and then select the color White as shown in the figure

Figure Step 18 Step 19 Click Apply and Close

Step 20 Enable the User Preferences tab

Figure Step 20

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Step 21 Click the Right-click Customization button

Enable the box Turn on time sensitive rightclick and set the Longer click duration to 250 milliseconds

Figure Step 21A

Figure Step 21B Step 22 In the Insertion scale area,

pull down the Source content units menu and select Inches

Do the same for the Target drawing units menu to set both to inches

Figure Step 22B

Figure Step 22A

Step 23 Click Apply and Close

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Step 24 Enable the Drafting tab

Figure Step 24 Step 25 Click the Colors box

In the Color box,

pull-down the list and click Select Color

Enable the Index Color tab in the Select Color dialogue box,

enter the number 252 and click OK

Figure Step 25A

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Figure Step 25B

Step 26 Set the AutoSNAP Marker Size and the Aperture Size to approximately the sizes shown in the figures

You can adjust these sizes,

as you work your way through the modules

Figure Step 26A

Figure Step 26B

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Step 27 Enable the 3D Modeling tab

Figure Step 27 Author's Comments: Do not be concerned if your dialogue box does not match the figure exactly

AutoCAD LT Users Important: If you are using AutoCAD LT,

Step 28 Set the Display ViewCube or UCS Icon areas as shown in the figure

Take note that the dialogue boxes for AutoCAD 2007-2008,

2009-2010,

Figure Step 28A 2007-2008

Configuring Your AutoCAD Software

Figure Step 28B 2009-2010

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Figure Step 28D 2012

Figure Step 28C 2011

Step 29 Enable the Selection tab

Figure Step 29

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Step 30 Set the Pickbox Size and the Grip Size to approximately the sizes as shown in the figure

Figure Step 30

Step 31 Click the OK button on the bottom of the Options dialogue box to close it

Figure Step 31

Step 32 You have completed configuring you software

Go to Module 1

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AutoCAD 2D Module 1 AutoCAD's User Interface Learning Outcomes When you have completed this module,

you will be able to: 1 Describe and configure AutoCAD's Interface including the Graphic window,

use of the mouse and the Text window

AutoCAD's Graphic Window AutoCAD's Graphic window for AutoCAD 2007-2008 is shown in Figure 1-1

The main features are labeled in the figure

AutoCAD's Graphic window for 2009-2012 is shown in Figure 1-2

The Graphic window is used most of the time when working in AutoCAD

Figure 1-1 AutoCAD's Graphic Window

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Figure 1-2 AutoCAD's Graphic Window

Crosshairs The crosshairs indicates the user's current location

Think of it as the point of the pencil

It is used extensively while working in AutoCAD

It is one of the most important tools

Pickbox The pickbox,

is a small square located at the intersection of the crosshairs as shown in Figure 1-3

It is used to pick drawing objects

Its size can be adjusted using the Options dialogue box as shown in Module Introduction 2

Figure 1-3 The Pickbox

The size of the crosshairs can be changed

For the AutoCAD 2D Modules and most other AutoCAD work,

it is best to have them full screen as shown in Figure 1-1 and Figure 1-2

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Status Bar The status bar,

Figure 1-4,

is positioned across the bottom of the Graphic window and becomes a very important part of the users day-to-day AutoCAD work

The coordinate location or the XYZ coordinates of the current location of the crosshairs is displayed on the left side of the status bar

The coordinate location display can be enabled or disabled by clicking it with the left mouse button

Toggle buttons for ten of AutoCAD's features are located immediately to the right of the coordinate display

Most of these features will be taught in the AutoCAD 2D Modules

2009-2012

Model and Layout Tabs The Model and Layout tabs,

Figure 1-5,

are used to enable the display of the model or a layout

It will be discussed further in Module 18

Figure 1-5 Model and Layout Tabs

Command Line Window The Command Line window is used to enter keyboard commands and user inputs

It is also used by AutoCAD to output information to the user

See Figure 1-6

It is one of the ways that the user communicates with AutoCAD and is a very important way for AutoCAD to communicate with the user

It is important for the users to watch this window closely as they is drawing

It is used by AutoCAD to ask for information,

instruct the user to what data it requires or display answers to user inquiries

It will be discussed in much greater detail in Module 2

Figure 1-6 The Command Line Window

Scroll Bars The scroll bars work exactly the same as the scroll bars in other software programs

They can be used to scroll the drawing up,

There is a much better way to scroll around the drawing as shown in Module 9

One important use of the scroll bar is that they indicate the overall size of the current drawing and the current viewing position on the drawing

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AutoCAD's Menus AutoCAD has many different menus that allow the user to communicate with it

The most useful ones are the pull-down and the toolbar menus as shown in Figure 1-7

Figure 1-7 AutoCAD’s Pull-Down and Toolbar Menus

Pull-Down Menu The pull-down menu Is located across the top of the Graphic window

When an item on the menu is clicked,

the menu will pull down as shown in Figure 1-8

In this figure,

the menu item Tools was clicked

Figure 1-8 Pull-Down Menu

A Pull-Down Menu Flyout

Figure 1-9 Flyout Menu AutoCAD's User Interface

If an item on the pull-down menu has a small solid triangle at the end,

it has a flyout menu associated with it

Place the graphic cursor on the triangle to force the flyout menu to display as shown in Figure 1-9

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Toolbar Menus The toolbar menus are a series of icons that are located on a collection of menu bars

See Figure 1-10 and 1-12

The display of each toolbar can be enabled or disabled at the user's discretion

If they were all displayed at the same time,

they would virtually fill the Graphic window

Therefore,

their display must be enabled or disabled,

by the current operation in the drawing

Toolbars can float inside the Graphic window or they can be docked along any one of the four sides

If the graphic cursor is placed on an icon in a toolbar,

a tooltip will display indicating the purpose of the icon as shown in Figure 1-11

While the AutoCAD 2009-2012 toolbars have a slight different look,

Figure 1-12,

they work the same as in AutoCAD 2007-2008

AutoCAD allows toolbars to be created or existing toolbar to be edited

This is taught in the AutoCAD 2D Advanced Modules

Figure 1-10 A Toolbar Menu 2007-2008

Figure 1-11 A Toolbar Menu Showing a Tooltip

Figure 1-12 An AutoCAD 20092012 Toolbar

Docked and Floating Toolbar Menus In Figure 1-7,

the toolbars across the top of the graphic window are docked and the ones in the center are floating

To dock a toolbar,

drag it by clicking and holding the left mouse button on the title strip along the top of the menu

Drag it to any one of the four sides and release the mouse button

It will automatically dock

To undock it,

Displaying Toolbar Menus

Figure 1-13 Toolbar Menu List

To enable or disable the display of toolbar menus,

place the graphic cursor on any icon on a currently displayed toolbar and right-click the mouse

A list of all the available toolbar menus will display as shown in Figure 1-13

Click the name on the toolbar menu to toggle its display

A checkmark beside the toolbar's name indicates that its display is currently enabled

Another method of disabling the display of a toolbar menu is to click the X in the top right hand corner of the toolbar

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Dialogue Boxes AutoCAD uses many different dialogue boxes to speed the drawing process

A dialogue box is an effective and efficient method for AutoCAD to allow the user to modify or enter information,

While a dialogue box is open,

no other work can be done on the current drawing

It must be closed before continuing to the next command

A typical dialogue box is shown in Figure 1-14

When a pull-down item has 3 dots after the word,

Figure 1-15,

it will open a dialogue box or a window

Figure 1-14 A Dialogue Box

Figure 1-15

Windows AutoCAD uses many different windows to speed the drawing process

Compared to a dialogue box,

a window is a more efficient method for AutoCAD and the user to communicate

Windows are interactive and display data and information about the current drawing or objects in that drawing as the drawing is being worked on

Unlike a dialogue box,

a window can remain on the screen as the user is working on the drawing and updates automatically

A typical window is shown in Figure 1-16

Figure 1-16 A Window AutoCAD's User Interface

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The Mouse AutoCAD is programed to use the three buttons on a mouse as follows: Left Button:

This is the pick button

Use it to pick objects,

pick menu items or to select locations on the drawing

Middle Button: The middle button,

is used to zoom and pan around the drawing

This will be discussed in detail in Module 9

Right Button:

The right button has two uses

If pressed and released quickly,

If pressed and held in,

See Figure 1-17

The cursor menu display differently depending on the current or last command entered

It can be a very helpful menu once the user get used to working with it

Figure 1-17 Cursor Menu for the FILLET Command

AutoCAD's Text Window AutoCAD's Text window,

Figure 1-18,

displays all of the commands that were entered by the user and AutoCAD's responses to those command for the duration the current drawing is active

This is one way for the user to look back at the commands,

user input and AutoCAD's responses

To toggle the display of the text window,

Figure 1-18 AutoCAD’s Text Window AutoCAD's User Interface

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Learning to Use AutoCAD's Interface For AutoCAD 2009-2012 Users If you are using AutoCAD 2007-2008,

Step 1 Open AutoCAD

The Graphic window will display

Figure Step 1 Authors Comments: Do not be concerned if your Graphic window does not match the figure exactly

Figure Step 2

Step 2 Check to ensure that the tab Model is enabled in model and layout tabs

If it is not,

enable it by clicking it with the left mouse button

Authors Comments: The Model tab should be enabled at all times,

while working on workalongs and lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules,

unless you are instructed otherwise

Module 18 will teach you how work in the layouts

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Step 3 Disable all features on the status bar by clicking any that display with a blue background as shown in Figure Step 3A

All features should display with a gray background as shown in Figure Step 3B

Figure Step 3A

Figure Step 3B Authors Comments: Important Unless otherwise instructed,

each time you start a workalong or lab exercise while working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules,

all features on the status bar should be disabled as shown in Figure Step 3B

Figure Step 4A

Step 4 Click the coordinate display,

located at the left end of the status bar,

to disable it as shown in Figure Step 4A

Click it again to enable it a shown in Figure Step 4B

Figure Step 4B

Authors Comments: The coordinate display should be enabled while working in AutoCAD

While it is not used a lot in day to day drawing,

Step 5 Click the Draw item in the pull-down menu to pull down the menu

Hold the graphic cursor over the flyout triangle at the end of the Circle command to force the flyout to display

Figure Step 5 AutoCAD's User Interface

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Step 6 Move the graphic cursor onto any toolbar icon and right click the mouse

This will pull down a list of all available toolbar menus

The ones that are preceded with checkmarks are enabled and are currently displayed in the Graphic window

Ensure that the toolbars Draw,

Layers,

Modify,

Properties Standard and Styles are the only ones enabled

Click on the name to toggle the display of the toolbar

(Figure step 6) Authors Comments: Do not be concerned if your list of toolbars does not match the figure exactly

Step 7 Move the graphic cursor onto the lines at the end of the Layers toolbar

Press and hold the left mouse button down and drag the toolbar somewhere into the Graphic window and release the button

Figure Step 7A (Figure Step 7A,

7B and 7C)

Figure Step 7B

Figure Step 7C Authors Comments: This step may be a little tricky the first few tries

Practice it until it you can do it easily

Step 8 Move the cursor onto bars at the end of the Layers toolbar and hold it for a few seconds

The toolbar's name,

Layers,

Figure Step 8 Figure Step 6

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Step 9 Using what you learned in Step 7,

pull all six toolbars into the Graphic window as shown in the figure

Figure Step 9A

Figure Step 9B Authors Comments: The six toolbars are now floating toolbars

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Step 10 Using what you learned in Steps 7 and 9,

drag all six toolbars back into position by docking them to the locations shown in the figure

Figure Step 10 Authors Comments: Dragging and docking the toolbar can be a little tricky at first

Practice it until it is easy for you to do

The six toolbars are now all docked

Step 11 Using what you learned earlier in the workalong,

enable the display of the Modify II toolbar

It will display as a floating toolbar

Figure Step 11A Figure Step 11B AutoCAD's User Interface

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Step 12 Move the cursor onto the top edge of the Modify II toolbar until the cursor displays as double arrows

See Figure Step 12A

Press the left mouse button and while holding it down,

drag the toolbar upwards until it matches Figure Step 12C

Figure Step 12A

Figure Step 12B

Figure Step 12C

Authors Comments: Changing the shape of a toolbar can be a little tricky at first

Practice it until it is easy for you to do

Step 13 Using what you learned in Step 11 and 12,

enable the display of the Object Snap toolbar and change its appearance to match the figure

Figure Step 13

Step 14 Close the Object Snap and Modify II toolbars by clicking the X in the top right corner of each toolbar

Authors Comments: As you can see,

toolbars can easily be displayed,

changed in shape or moved around the Graphic window as needed

Open them,

in the drawing process and closed them when the process is completed

While working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules,

leave the 6 toolbars displays enabled and docked at all times as shown in Figure Step 10

Step 15 Click Format on the pull down menu and then click Units to open Drawing Units dialogue box

Figure Step 15A

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Step 16 Click OK to close the dialogue box

Authors Comments: Always close a dialogue box using the OK or the Cancel button

If you close it by clicking the X in the top right corner,

you are cancelling all changes that you made while the box was open

If you want to cancel the changes,

click the Cancel button to close the dialogue box

Figure Step 15B

Step 17 Move the cursor onto the icons in the Standard toolbar

As you move it over the icons,

Find the Properties icon

Click it to open the Properties window

(Figure Step 17A and 17B) Figure Step 17A

Step 18 Click the X in the top corner of the window to close it

Authors Comments: Windows are different than dialogue box as they are interactive

Any changes made,

That makes it ok to close them by clicking the X

AutoCAD's User Interface

Figure Step 17B

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Step 19 Press the function key F2

It will open the Text window as shown in the figure

Figure Step 19

Step 20 Press the function key F2 again to close the Text window

Step 21 Click File to pull down the menu

Click Exit to close AutoCAD

If you are asked if you want to save the drawing,

Figure Step 21

Step 22 Go to Module 2

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Learning to Use AutoCAD's Interface For AutoCAD 2007-2008 Users If you are using AutoCAD 2009-2012,

Step 1 Open AutoCAD

The Graphic window will display

Figure Step 1

Authors Comments: Do not be concerned if your Graphic window does not match the figure exactly

Figure Step 2

Step 2 Check to ensure that the tab Model is enabled in model and layout tabs

If it is not,

enable it by clicking it with the left mouse button

Authors Comments: The Model tab should be enable at all times while working on workalongs and lab exercises in the AutoCAD 2D Modules unless you are instructed otherwise

Module 18 will teach you how work in the layouts

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Step 3 Disable all features on the status bar by clicking any that are enabled as shown in Figure Step 3A

All features should display as shown in Figure Step 3B

(Figure Step 3A and 3B) Authors Comments: Important Unless otherwise instructed,

each time you start a workalong or lab exercise while working on the AutoCAD 2D Modules,

all features on the status bar should be disabled as shown in Figure Step 3B

Figure Step 4A

Figure Step 3A

Figure Step 3B

Step 4 Click the coordinate display,

located at the left end of the status bar,

to disable it as shown in Figure Step 4A

Click it again to enable it a shown in Figure Step 4B

Figure Step 4B

Authors Comments: The coordinate display should be enabled while working in AutoCAD

While it is not used a lot in day to day drawing,

Step 5 Click the Draw item in the pull-down menu to pull down the menu

Hold the graphic cursor over the flyout triangle