PDF- -7 SpecialRelativity - University of Cambridge - Cambridge-7.pdf

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Suggested Answer to Task 2 Essays

5 IELTS,

là ứng viên tiêu biểu u Quý I của c'chương trình Writers of the Future (WOTF)

Ron Hubbard sáng lập l'từ thập niên 80 và được tổ chứcc hàng năm nhằm nh tìm kiếm m nh những tài năng xuất chúng về văn chương

Suggested Answer IELTS Cambridge 6 Bộ Cambridge IELTS

Hiểu được tầm m quan trọng tr của bộ đề này,

thầy th Toàn ZIM đã trực tiếp biên soạạn ra cuốn Suggested Answer IELTS Cambridge 7

Do các đề từ cuốn cu 1 – 5 không còn phù hợp p với v đề thi hiện nay nên tác giá chỉ bắt đầu u viết vi từ cuốn 6 trở đi

Cuố ốn sách gồm 4 bài mẫu Band 8

Writing Với mỗi bài mẫu đều u có những nh phân tích một cách chi tiết: 1

Identifying the essay type

Structuring the essay: Cung cấp p dàn ý tổng t quan nhất cho bài IELTS

Sample answer band 8

Useful vocabulary: Từ vựng ghi điểm m tương ứng với chủ đề

Suggested Answer IELTS Cambridge 7 chắcc chắn ch sẽ là một tài liệu hữu u ích cho bất b cứ ai muốn tự họcc IELTS Writing

Mục lục Test 1………………………………………………………………………

IELTS CAMBRIDGE 7 It is generally believed that some people are born with certain talents,

for instance for sport or music,

However,

it is sometimes claimed that any child can be taught to become a good sportsperson or musician

Discuss both views and give your opinion

Some me people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime

Others,

argue that the circumstances of Test 2

and the motivation for committing it,

should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment

punishment Discuss both views and give your opinion

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work,

job satisfaction is an important element of individual well-being

What factors contribute to job satisfaction

? How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers

? Some people think that universities should provide graduates with the knowledge and skills needed in the workplace

Others think that the true function of a university should be to give access to

regardless regardless of whether the course is useful to an employer

should be the main function of a

CAM CAMBRIDGE IELTS 7

It is generally believed that some people are born with certain talents,

for instance for sport or music,

However,

it is sometimes claimed that any child can be taught to become a good sportsperson or musician

Discuss both views and give your opinion SUGGESTED ANSWER

Identifying the essay type: Discussion + Opinion pinion

Structuring the essay

Sentence 1: Introduce the given topic about nature vs nurture

Sentence 2: Clearly and directly state my propensity for which side of the argument with one short and simple sentence (agree

INTRODUCTION

with people who think having guidance is better)

Paragraph 1: 2 reasons why some people think talents are important  Some particular skills could not be taught

 Talents are the root of greatness

Paragraph 2: 2 reasons why others think having guidance is better  Strong determination helps people excel in sports or music  Everyone has hidden gifts http://zim

CONCLUSION

Restate my favorable side

Sample answer Whether innate talents or guidance and training play play a more important part in the success of a sport star has drawn much attention from many people

In my opinion,

mere talents would not fully determine one’s success but rather the nurture from teachers or trainers

there are several rea reasons sons why some people believe it is talents that matter

Firstly,

they believe that some particular skills could not be taught or trained,

trained or at least they would take a considerable amount of time to be enhanced

and yet the odds for success are uncertain

The instinct or logical mind of chess players,

Secondly,

many people concede that hardwork does oes play a part in one’s success

inborn abilities are the root of greatness

There is convincing evidence of prodigies in the history of music such as Mozart that proves the validity of such a viewpoint

view If he had been without the taste for music at an early age,

he would not have become one of the most outstanding composers of all time

On the other hand,

I would argue that what dictates one’s failure or success is nurture

Any child with strong determination could be taught to excel in sports or music

Even if gifted,

a person could easily turn his talents into no use without teaching and direction

Additionally,

it is believed that everyone possesses his own hidden gifts which always need to be discovered and sharpened before actual acknowledment

For instance,

Huynh Kinh Nguyen,

once stated incompetent at swimming,

succeeded in standind among the best swimmers in Vietnam after non-stop stop guided training training

In conclusion,

I agree with those who think it is possible to teach any child to become 3

Useful vocabulary:

Innate talents: Tài năng bẩm b sinh

The nurture from teachers and trainers: Sự dưỡng dục của thầyy cô và huấn hu luyện viên

To be seen as exclusive: Chỉ một số người có

Inborn ability: Khả năng bẩm b sinh

Prodigy: Thần đồng

The taste for music: Thị Th hiếu âm nhạc

Strong determination: Sự quyết tâm mạnh mẽ

Excel in sports or music: Xuất chúng ở thể thao và âm nhạc

Hidden gifts: Tài năng ẩn

Non-stop stop guided training: Không ngừng luyện tập có hướng dẫẫn

CAMBRIDGE IELTS 7

Some me people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime

Others,

argue that the circumstances of an individual crime,

and the motivation for committing it,

should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment

punishment Discuss both views and give your opinion SUGGESTED ANSWER

Identifying the essay type: Discussion + Opinion pinion

Structuring the essay

Sentence 1: Introduce the given topic about legitimate types of punishment

INTRODUCTION

Sentence 2: Clearly and directly state my propensity propensit for which side of the argument with one short and simple sentence (agree with people who think every aspect of a crime should be considered)

Paragraph 1: 2 reasons why some people think having fixed punishments is reasonable  A society of justice and equity

 A deterrent against offenses

Paragraph 2: 2 reasons why others think think every aspect of a crime should be considered http://zim

 Humanity  The judge could give the best response CONCLUSION

Restate my favorable side

Sample answer People have different opinions nions about what factors should be taken into consideration before any convictions

In my view,

the judge should base their decisions on both the circumstances and motive for committing crimes

On the one hand,

I understand why some people insist on fixed punishments for different kinds of law violation

Firstly,

they think it symbolizes a society of justice and equity where criminals of the same type are condemned equally

Secondly,

fixed punishments for those who fail to comply with the law could act as an effective ctive deterrent against offenses

are dangerous members of society and need to be punished according to their heinous actions

And if they knew they could convince the judges and jury to relieve his sentence by one way or another,

fairness would not be guaranteed

On the other hand,

I would argue that the motive and circumstance of any illegalities should be contemplated closely

It reflects humanity existing in parallel with every decision of conviction

Certainly manslaughter iin self-defense could not possibly be compared with a premeditated murder

In other words,

the circumstance in which the crime is carried out has to be on the list of consideration

Additionally,

the judge could decide the best objective response to a case based on many perspectives

For example,

a man who steals money to feed his family should be exempted from sentences sentences

In conclusion,

I would side with people who think not having fixed punishments is better,

although treating lawbreakers equally might be llegitimate egitimate to some extent

Useful vocabulary:

Law violation:: Phá luật lu

A society of justice and equity: equity Một xã hội củaa công lý và công bằng b

Fail to comply with the law: law Không tuân theo luật pháp

To act as an effective deterrent against offenses: offenses Coi là mộtt rào ccản hiệu quả

Heinous actions: Nhữ ững hành động dã man

Relieve his sentence: sentence Giảm nhẹ án

Every decision of conviction conviction: Mọi quyết định kết tội

Manslaughter in self self-defense: Giết người vì tự vệ

A premeditated murder: murder Giết người có chủ đích

To be e exempted from sentences sentences: Miễn kết tội

CAM CAMBRIDGE IELTS 7

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work,

job satisfaction is an important element of individual well-being

What factors contribute to job satisfaction

? How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers

Identifying the essay type: Direct-Question

Structuring the essay

INTRODUCTION

Sentence 1: Introduce the given topic about job satisfaction

Sentence 2: Give a short and general answer to the 2 questions

Paragraph 1: Give 2 examples of what contribute to job satisfaction  Stable salary + pension

Paragraph 2: Give 2 reasons why workers’ expectation for job satisfaction has become unrealistic

 Not many jobs could ensure stable salaries and pension pensio  Workers have to do jobs they do not like

CONCLUSION

Restate my answer to the two questions

Sample answer Job satisfaction is the ultimate goal that a majority of people desire for because the large proportion of their adult life is dedicated to work

Contributing Contributing factors to job satisfaction greatly differ,

depending on individual points of view

workers’ anticipation for those elements has become unrealistic

There are two principal factors that bring about a certain level of contentment to modern workers

The first thing is that employees would be satisfied if they received a stable salary while working and pension at their retirement age

This is totally understandable because they want to ensure the well well-being of their family even when they are re retired

The second thing is workers’ passion for their professions professions

If they loved what they were doing,

this would fuel their performances at their job with enthusiasm

enthusiasm Unfortunately those said factors have gotten out of hand

Regarding salaries and pension,

there are only a few jobs that could secure the stability of a family’s finance

finance Companies are cutting down the cost for paying salaries for their employees in order to allocate more of their budget to the production system

the advertised ertised pay rate,

is incompatible with and usually higher than the real one

Additionally,

doing what one has no interest in would be inevitable in certain cases

It might be because the money they could earn would be insufficient to feed his family or simply because he is not good enough to be working at his desirable profession

profession This without doubt would upset idealistic individuals who always live up to their expectation for job satisfaction

earnings and passion which are listed listed to be the main contributors to job 9

satisfaction are not realistic any more in the modern world

Useful vocabulary:

A certain level of contentment: Mức độ thỏa mãn nhất định

A stable salary: Lương ổn định

Pension at their retirement age: Lương hưu khi đến tuổi nghỉ hưu

Passion for their professions: Đam mê cho nghề nghiệp

Fuel their performances at their job with enthusiasm: Tiếp p nhiên liệu li cho sự thể hiện ở công việc với sự ự hăng hái

Out of hand: Ngoài tầầm với

Allocate more of their budget to the production system: Phân b bổ nhiều từ ngân sách đến hệ thống sản n xuất xu

Desirable profession: Nghề nghiệp ao ước

Idealistic individuals: Những cá nhân lí tưởng hóa

Live up to their expectation for job satisfaction: Sống vớii mong ước ư về sự hài lòng trong nghề nghiệp

CAM CAMBRIDGE IELTS 7

Some people think that universities should provide graduates with the knowledge and skills needed in the workplace

Others think that the true function of a university should be to give access to knowledge for its own sake,

regar regardless dless of whether the course is useful to an employer

should be the main function of a university

Identifying the essay type: Opinion

Structuring the essay

Sentence 1: Introduce the given topic about the main function of universities

INTRODUCTION

Sentence 2: Directly and clearly state my opinion: necessary skills and knowledge for future career

Paragraph 1: Explain why it is necessay for university to provide what would be needed in the working world

Paragraph 2: Explain why it is unreasonable to pay no attention to what employers might require of graduates

CONCLUSION

Restate my opinion

Sample answer People have different views about whether a university should supply students with courses of only academic knowledge or necessary skills that they might need in the future

In my opinion,

the main role of a university should be the foundation for careers after graduation

Certainly the provision of knowledge and skills which would be of use in the future is vital for college graduates

This is because employers always require their potential employees have enhanced skills such as language proficiency,

Engl English ish in particular,

Experience and professional working attitude are also indispensable when applying for a vacancy

hardly fall into top priorities in many university cirruculum which still wastes resources on raw and rather impractical academic knowledge

Therefore,

students who are too involved in attending classes,

would find it even more challenging to compete with others who have sharp insights into the business world

On the other hand,

it is absurd to deny the relation between what would be learned in university and what would make an impression on future employers employers

If universities did not provide access to activities which would help participants improve their skills for future work,

wo the possibility of unemployment would be inevitable

This would demotivate people from pursuing tertiary education since universities could not meet their real demands

I am in strong disagreement that university should separate their functions f from the actual requirements of the working world and I believe giving access to necessary knowledge and skills to graduates is tremendously important

(255 words) Useful vocabulary: 12

To be the foundation for careers: Là nền tảng cho sự nghiệp

To o be of use in the future: Có ích cho tương lai

Potential employees: Nhân viên tiềm năng http://zim

Experience and professional working attitude: Kinh nghiệm m và thái độ đ làm việc chuyên nghiệp

To fall into top priorities: Là những ưu tiên hàng đầu

Raw and rather impractical academic knowledge: Kiến thứcc sách vở v thô và có phân phi thực tế

The possibility of unemployment would be inevitable: Khả năng không có việc vi là không thể tránh khỏi

To pursue tertiary education: Tham gia giáo dục bậc đại học

To meet their reall demands: Đáp ứng những yêu cầu thực tế